LASIK refers to laser in-situ keratomileusis and is a common surgery people have done to correct their vision due to being farsighted, nearsighted, or if they have astigmatism.
The surgery is performed by reshaping the clear front section of the eye known as the cornea. This helps by making the light that travels through the cornea be focused properly on the retina which is situated in the back of the patient’s eye. There are other surgical procedures for reshaping the cornea; LASIK is just one of them.
It is offered to patients who are looking to minimize or eliminate their need for glasses or contact lenses. It is not cosmetic as it enhances the patient’s eye function. It can quickly take a person from having to wear glasses or eye contacts in order to drive her car, to being able to drive without having to wear them.
Before a LASIK surgery, the patient sits down and discusses what she can expect from the surgery with an adviser. In this meeting, the patient’s medical history is evaluated and she will have their eyes tested for things like refraction, corneal thickness, and pupil dilation.
The surgeon is available to answer questions, and the patient will be able to book their appointment. Prior to the surgery, the patient should also discuss both the benefits and the risks of the surgery and her expectations. The benefits and risks change around midlife, therefore, the patient should get a frank assessment and thorough evaluation to understand what they will gain or lose from the surgery before making their decision.
BENEFITS OF LASIK
There are many benefits to LASIK, including:
- It has a 96 percent success rate.
- There is very little, if any, pain associated with the procedure.
- The patient’s vision is immediately corrected the day of or day after the surgery.
- There is a quick recovery time and no need for stitches or bandages.
- The patient can have their vision further corrected years after LASIK eye surgery.
- Corrective eyewear is not usually needed any longer after the procedure.
There have been millions of people worldwide who have received the surgery and have had a drastic improvement in their vision. Some of these people include soldiers, pilots, astronauts, and people who need good vision to do their jobs.
RISKS OF LASIK
LASIK has been an extremely effective surgery for many patients and they are very pleased with their vision after the procedure. But, it does come with some risks, like any surgical procedure. For the patient to truly decide whether LASIK is right for them or not, they should be aware of not just the benefits, but the potential risks as well. Some risks include:
- Following LASIK there could be cornea changes that can’t be reversed.
- It is a technically complex procedure. Problems could happen when the surgeon makes the flap and could lead to a permanent vision issue.
- LASIK rarely causes a ‘best’ vision loss which is the highest degree of vision a person achieves while they wear their glasses or contacts.
- Results vary depending on the patient’s refractive error and other factors. This refractive surgery tends to be most successful in people who have a low grade of nearsightedness. Results are a little less predictable in people who have a high degree of farsightedness or nearsightedness.
Most people report high satisfaction and positive results with LASIK eye surgery. However, LASIK surgery patients should still plan on booking follow-up appointments for the following six months after they have the eye surgery. They should refrain from wearing cosmetics around their eyes for a few weeks after surgery and they may have to wait a few weeks to resume activities like swimming, contact sports or using hot tubs.
Individuals interested in learning more about LASIK surgery or finding out if they are a candidate should make an appointment with a Sealy, Texas eye care specialist.